COUNTDOWN TO BREXIT - Are you Brexit ready? Contact us at 01 6766 476 to focus on your Brexit concerns and to assess your potential solutions. Don't leave it too late!

-907Days -21Hours -46Minutes -34Seconds

Income Tax

Income Tax Rates

Bands of taxable income

 

2021

2020

Single/Widowed(Without dependent Children)
  • €35,000 @ 20%
  • €35,000 @ 20%
 
  • Balance @ 40%
  • Balance @ 40%
     
Single Parent / Widowed Parent (With dependent children)
  • €39,300 @ 20%
  • €39,300@ 20%
 
  • Balance @ 40%
  • Balance @ 40%
     
Married couple/civil partners (one income)
  • €44,300 @20%
  • €43,300 @20%
 
  • Balance @ 40%
  • Balance @ 40%
     
Married couple (two incomes)
  • *€70,600 @ 20%
  • *€70,600 @ 20%
 
  • Balance @ 40%
  • Balance @ 40%

*In the case of a married couple with two incomes the standard rate band is €70,600 (made up of €44,300 plus an amount of €26,300 which may be transferred between spouses, if one spouse earns less than €26,300 there is a loss of some of the benefit of the higher band).

Income Exemption Limits

    2021
     
65 years and over

 


   
     
Single/Widowed   18,000
Married Couples   36,000
     
               
Tax Credits @ 20%   2021 2020
Single  

1,650

1,650

Married/Civil Partners(Jointly assessed)  

3,300

3,300

Widowed Person in year of bereavement/surviving civil partner  

3,300

3,300

Widowed person no children (additional credit but not in the year of bereavement)  

540

540

Widowed person/single person with dependent child (additional)  

1,650

1,650

Additional tax Credits in years following bereavement      
Year 1  

3,600

3,600

Year 2  

3,150

3,150

Year 3  

2,700

2,700

Year 4  

2,250

2,250

Year 5  

1,800

1,800

Home carer’s credit* max

1,600

1,500

Incapacitated child max

3,300

3,300

Dependent relative

 

 

(where income of dependent relative is less than €14,060 for 2016)

 

245

70

Age credit single

245

245

  married

490

490

Blind person Single

1,650

1,650

  Married one spouse blind

1,650

1,650

  Married both spouses blind

3,300

3,300

Additional Credit Guide Dog  

165

165

 PAYE    1,650  1,650
Earned Income Credit (other than income qualifying for a PAYE credit)    950  550
Deduction from Total Income;

 

 

Allowances @ 40%

     
Allowance to employ a carer for an incapacitated person max

75,000

75,000

*Relief in respect of the cost of maintaining a guide dog (max €825 @ 20% = €165) may be claimed under the heading of Health Expenses.

 

Job Plus Scheme

Cash payments made to qualifying employers to offset the cost
of employing individuals who have been long term unemployed
are exempt from income tax or corporation tax. The
Department of Social Protection will pay the incentive to the
employer monthly in arrears over a two-year period as follows:
€7,500 for each person over 25 years old recruited who has
been unemployed for more than 312 days in the last 18 months.
€10,000 for each person under 50 years old recruited who
has been unemployed for more than 936 days in the
previous 40 months.
The relevant exemption limits are increased by €575 for each
of the first two dependent children and by €830 for the third
and any subsequent dependent children.
Separate rules apply for those under 25 or over 50 years old.
New rules apply for employees who began employment on
or after 1 August 2020:
A grant of €7,500 will be paid to employers over 2 years for the
following categories of jobseeker:
• Jobseekers under 30 years of age, who have been on the
live register for at least 104 days in the previous 6 months.
This includes people who are signing on for credits only,
COVID-19 Pandemic Unemployment Payment (PUP) or a
combination of both payments.
• Jobseekers over 30 years of age and under 50, who are on
the live register (includes credits only cases and PUP) and
have been unemployed for at least 312 days in the previous
18 months.
• People who used to get the One-Parent Family Payment,
whose youngest child is at least 7 years of age and under 14,
who transferred to the live register and are now getting
Jobseekers Allowance Transitional Payment (no qualifying
periods applies).
• People with refugee status who are getting Jobseekers
Allowance (no qualifying period applies).
A grant of €10,000 will be paid to employers over 2 years for the
following categories of jobseeker:
• Jobseekers under 50 years of age, who are on the live
register (includes credits only cases and PUP) and have
been unemployed for at least 36 months 936 days of the last
42 months 3.5 years.
• Jobseekers over 50 years of age, who are on the live register
(includes credits only cases and PUP) and have been unemployed
for at least 12 months (312 days) in the last 18 months.

Earned Income Credit
The Earned Income Credit of €1,650 is available to individuals
earning self-employed, trading or professional income. For
company directors, the credit will apply to proprietary directors as their earnings are not taken into account for the
purposes of the Employee (PAYE) Tax credit. Where an
individual has earned income which qualifies for Employee
(PAYE) Tax Credit and Earned Income Tax Credit, the
combined value of both tax credits cannot exceed €1,650.

 

Residence, Ordinary Residence and Domicile

An individual is liable to Irish Income Tax(“IT”) on his/her worldwide income provided he/she is resident and domiciled for the tax year, subject to any specific relief under the relevant Double Taxation Agreement.  To be resident an individual must be present in the state for:

  • 183 days or more in that tax year, or
  • 280 days in that tax year and the preceding tax year, subject to a minimum of 30 days in each year.

Presence in the State at any time during the day will count
towards determining residence for tax purposes.

An individual is “ordinarily tax resident” if he/she  is tax resident for three consecutive tax years, where they cease to be resident they remain ordinarily resident for three years after the tax year of departure and can therefore remain taxable in Ireland.  An ordinarily tax resident individual is chargeable to Irish income tax on worldwide income with the exception of profits of a trade or profession carried on abroad.  Foreign investment income exceeding €3,810 in the tax year will be subject to Irish tax.

Domicile can be a difficult concept but broadly means the country that an individual considers as his/her natural home.

An Irish resident or ordinarily resident and domiciled individual will also be liable to Irish Capital Gains Tax on their worldwide gains. This leaves individuals ceasing to be Irish resident exposed to Irish tax on investment income and Capital Gains Tax for three years after the tax year of departure.

Despite the reference to three years in the paragraph above, an anti avoidance provision imposes Capital Gains Tax on individuals who dispose of shareholdings during a period of temporary non-residence, described as absences of less than 5 years.

Split Year Treatment

An individual who arrives in Ireland with the intention of becoming resident in the following tax year is liable to income tax on employment income only from the date of arrival to the following 31 December. Similarly, a resident individual who leaves Ireland other than for a temporary purpose is liable to income tax on employment income up to the date of departure only. This “split year treatment” applies to employment income only.

Relief from a liability to Irish Income Tax may also arise under provisions of Double Taxation Agreements between Ireland and other states.

Cross Border Workers

Irish resident individuals employed abroad in a jurisdiction with which Ireland has a double taxation agreement can exclude income on employment earned abroad from Irish tax and the Universal Social charge (USC). The employment abroad must be for a minimum period of 13 weeks and foreign tax must be paid on that income, and the duties must be performed wholly abroad. The individual must be present in Ireland for a minimum of one day a week during the period of qualifying employment. The relief does not apply to state or semi state employments.

An individual will be deemed to be present in the State if he/she is present at any time during the day.

Remittance Basis for Non-Domiciled Individuals

Individuals domiciled outside Ireland are entitled to a
“remittance basis” of assessment in Ireland on investment
income and income from employment duties exercised outside
Ireland under a foreign contract – i.e. they are only subject to
Irish IT on income brought into the country.
Where an individual who is entitled to the remittance basis has
transferred money to his/her spouse that individual will be
taxed on the transfer.
Income:
Fully Taxable:
All Irish source income, including the Irish workdays of a
foreign employment and capital gains, are taxable in Ireland
regardless of whether they are remitted or not.
Not Taxable:
Foreign employment income (non-Irish workdays) and
investment income are taxed only where remitted.
Capital:
Irish citizens who are not ordinarily resident but who are
resident are taxed on foreign capital gains.
Non-Irish domiciled individuals are taxable on foreign capital
gains only to the extent that they are remitted to Ireland. CGT
applies to all Irish specified assets regardless of residence,
which includes all Irish land and buildings as well as certain
other assets such as mineral rights.

Special Assignment Relief Program SARP

On 1 January 2012, a previous form of SARP was updated and a
new form introduced, initially for 2012 to 2014, which has since
been extended, most recently to 2022. The main conditions to
qualify for the new relief are that:
• The employee must be resident in Ireland (and not resident
elsewhere) for 2012-2014 relief claims,
• The individual must have been a full-time employee of a
company incorporated and resident in a DTA State for six
months (2015-2022) or twelve months (2012-2014) prior to
arriving in the State.
• For 2012-2014 duties must be performed in Ireland for 12
months from the date of becoming resident, for 2015-2022
the requirement is to perform duties for 12 months from the
date of arrival The relief is of value to new workers who come to or return to
Ireland, or returning workers who have been outside Ireland for
at least five tax years. While a number of conditions apply in
order to obtain the relief, it is not limited to either foreign
employments or non-Irish domiciles.
Subject to conditions, the relief is available for employees
arriving in Ireland and is available for five consecutive tax years.
The relief allows a basic salary and certain cash allowances to
be excluded from tax. The relevant amount is valued at 30% of
basic salary and allowances between upper (€1,000,000,
previously €500,000) and lower (€75,000) thresholds.
Certain key items of compensation are excluded:
• Benefits in kind including company cars and preferential loans
• Termination/ex-gratia payments
• Bonus payments whether contractual or otherwise
• Stock/equity options and
• Other share based remuneration
However, the above emoluments may be included in assessing
the relief once the minimum threshold has been established.
The relief is only for IT and does not apply for USC or PRSI.
It is possible for employees and employers to obtain relief through
the PAYE system so that the relief can have an immediate impact
rather than waiting until the tax year has ended to make a claim.
Employees making a claim automatically become chargeable
persons for the year of claim which means a tax filing requirement.
Employers will also have a reporting requirement to Revenue for
various details about such employee claims, and for 2015- 2022
claims the employer is required to report within 90 days of the
individual arriving, in addition to the annual reporting.
Making a claim under the new SARP provisions means that a
deduction is not claimable where another relief is claimed by the
employee – e.g. Split Year Relief, Trans-border Relief, Foreign
Earnings Deduction Relief, R&D Incentive and the limited
remittance basis that still exists.
Tax Tip
In addition to the exclusion of a relevant amount from tax
an employer will also be able to bear the cost of certain
items for a relevant employee on a tax free basis, such as:
One return trip for the employee and family to the
overseas country they are connected with; plus
Primary and/or post-primary school fees of up to €5,000
per annum per child where the school has been approved
by the Minister for Education

Foreign Earnings Deduction(“FED”)

A deduction is available for employees working temporarily
overseas in the following countries (known as “relevant states”).
From 2012, this means Brazil, Russia, India, China and South
Africa. From 2013, included are Algeria, Democratic Republic of
Congo, Egypt, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Senegal and Tanzania.
From 2015, additions are Japan, Singapore, South Korea, Saudi
Arabia, UAE, Qatar, Bahrain, Indonesia, Vietnam,
Thailand,Chile, Oman, Kuwait, Mexico and Malaysia. From 2017,
Colombia and Pakistan have been added.

The deduction is subject to a maximum claim of €35,000 (i.e. a
tax refund of up to €14,000) and applies until 2022.

In order to receive this relief, the employee must spend at least
30 (60 in 2014, 40 in 2015 and 2016) days working in a relevant
state in a tax year or in a continuous 12-month period. These
“qualifying days” must form part of a period of at least three
consecutive days including travelling time spent working in the
relevant state (previously four consecutive days excluding
travelling time).

The deduction does not apply to employees paid out of the
public revenue of the State e.g. civil servants, Gardaí and
members of the Defence forces or individuals employed by any
board, authority or similar body established by or under statute.

The deduction is calculated based on the amount of time spent
working in the relevant state and is calculated according to the
following formula:

D*E/F

  • D is the number of qualifying days in the tax year
  • E is the net employment income in the tax year (including share awards and share option income but excluding benefits in kind, termination payments and restrictive covenants)
  • F is the number of days in the tax year that the individual held the office or employment

An example of how this deduction works is as follows. An individual who is tax resident in Ireland spends 120 qualifying days working in Brazil. The employment income for the year amounts to €100,000. The Foreign Earnings Deduction is calculated as follows.


(120*X €100,000) / 365

Specified amount = €32,877

Total employment earnings            €100,000
Less deduction                                              €32,877
Taxable Income                                            €67,123

The deduction is claimed at the end of the tax year when making an annual return of income for that year. A deduction will not however be claimable where another relief is claimed by the employee e.g. split year relief, Trans-border Relief, Special Assignment Relief Programme, R&D Incentive and the limited remittance basis that still exits.

Seafarer Allowance

An allowance of €6,350 from employment income is available to seafarers provided they are on an international voyage(s) i.e. a voyage beginning or ending in a port outside the State for at least 161 days in a tax year. This allowance cannot be claimed in conjunction with the split year treatment. The allowance is also available to crews of vessels servicing drilling rigs in Irish waters.

Fisher tax credit

A tax credit of €1,270 is available each year from 2017 to 2021 to
any person engaged in fishing on board a fishing vessel as long
as they are Irish tax resident and spend at least 80 days at sea
actively engaged in sea-fishing. It is not possible to claim this
credit and the seafarer allowance to shelter the same income.

We Are Here!

25 Herbert Place,
Dublin 2,
DO2 AY86,
Republic of Ireland.

T:+353-1-6766476
F:+353-1-6766783
E: info@noonecasey.ie